Whilst being a decorative illustrator, this art movement took in many other mediums such as architecture and some craftwork.
The pinnacle of this group of like-minded creatives was between the years of 1890 and 1910.
The characterised style of Art Nouveau involved swirling lines and a combination of man and nature. Patterned backgrounds were common, depicting floral arrangements.
The legacy of this movement is that it is considered to be a contributing factor to the push towards the modernist styles of the 20th century. It was not the only contributing factor, but certainly one of the more significant.
The breadth of genres impacted by this movement made it possible for the richer members of society to theme their entire homes around this style. Jewellery, furniture and interior design could draw influence from the likes of Mucha.
The Art Nouveau movement was initiated by several independent pockets of activity across Europe. There were catalogues and magazines as well as regular art fairs, all emcompassing an artistic approach which would eventually be labelled as Art Nouveau.
Different locations across the continent would give their own names to this group, but essentially there were all referring to the same thing.
Secessionsstil, for example, was its name in Austria. Many exponents of Art Nouveau could be found in this region.
The Parisien version was, as one might expect, influenced by many of the other artistic directions found here. The French capital is famous for being a melting pot of all manner of contrasting creative ideas.
There are many art movements which complement with or cross over related groups of artists - Art Nouveau does so too. Symbolism, Arts and Crafts, Pre-Raphaelites and Art Deco periods all link closely here, and several key artists from the late 19th century to early 20th century could be classified under several of these styles.
Aubrey Beardsley, Alphonse Mucha, Edward Burne-Jones and Gustav Klimt are some of the famous names who closely match the characteristics found with the Art Nouveau group. It was a flexible umbrella of ideas across Europe, allowing some variations from artist to artist.